王石:这条路 不孤单

2021.11.04

英国当地时间2021年10月31日,联合国气候变化框架公约第二十六次缔约方大会(COP26)在格拉斯哥拉开帷幕。11月2日下午,由万科公益基金会与C Team设立的“中国企业馆”(China Corporate Pavilion)正式开幕。万科公益基金会理事长王石以“这条路 不孤单”为主题进行开幕致辞。以下为致辞全文。


尊敬的各位来宾:

大家好,我是王石,欢迎诸位莅临中国企业馆。

从哥本哈根到格拉斯哥,每年我都会来气候大会现场,一转眼十年过去了,十年来,我们的地球,人类的处境,发生了巨大的变化,新冠疫情背景下,更充满不确定,但有些事情是确定的,在中国企业馆,我一定能见到老朋友。

解振华气候大使,还有戈尔前副总统,对二位再次莅临中国企业馆,我表示由衷的欢迎,老朋友的到来,也勾起我多年前的回忆。

2009年,我第一次参加气候大会,是在哥本哈根,印象最深的是,一下火车就看到大幅的海报,把各个国家领导人都被画得很苍老,上面还以领导人的口吻写了一段话: “我很抱歉,我们本可以阻止灾难性的气候变化……但我们没有。”海报传递了悲观的情绪。


图源:Pinterest,Elin Bergman

这次格拉斯哥气候大会,我没有看到类似的海报,如果有,我希望标语可以修改一下:“我觉得很骄傲,因为当时在格拉斯哥会议上我做出了正确决定,眼看地球没有变成糟糕的样子。”显然,我传递了乐观的情绪。

我们要乐观吗?至少在这里,在中国企业馆,我们有乐观的理由。

中国企业家在气候大会上的群像变化  

2009年,我第一次参加气候大会的时候,“中国企业馆”不是现在的样子,而且当时中国民间,出国参加气候大会的人很少,印象中,加上我自己,只有三个人,算上我们背后代表的企业,只有100家左右,当时想发布一个中国企业的气候宣言,都不知道怎么组织,想做一场活动,也没有场地,只能在廊道装了两个气球装置,我们就站在那儿,也没人理我们。

但我们没有放弃,之后每年都来,也因为不放弃,才能见证每一年的变化。

2013年华沙大会,开始有了“中国馆”和“中国企业日”,越来越多的中国企业组团参会,刚才说到的数字,也从100变成1000,2015年巴黎气候大会, 1000又变成10000,2018年、2019年,中国面孔变得更多,这个数字又变成100万。 2021年,新冠疫情背景下,参加中国企业馆这场边会,现场+线上参与的中国企业,涵盖碳减排领域几乎所有行业,建筑、能源、金融、工业、交通、互联网、零售、时尚、碳管理等等,接下来CBCA(中国企业气候行动)将要发布联合倡议,代表的企业将突破100万。

从100到1000,从10000到100万,表面看只是一组数据,而数字的背后,是中国正在发生的变化,是观念的变化,就发生在人们的头脑中—— 中国企业家有同样的认知,即,如果今天不做出改变,这个星球将抛弃人类。我觉得,就算埃隆.马斯克真的能做到,把一部分人送上火星,绝大多数人还是只能待在这里,无处可逃。 中国企业家,对气候变化的认知,和整个世界是同步的。

企业的责任 落实国家战略 加强国际协作

这些年,更重要的变革力量也来自国家政策调整,也就是中国的“3060”战略,这是中国的承诺、国家的责任和人民的担当,承诺、责任、担当,是三个普通的单词,但这对一个14亿人口的大国,一个高速发展的经济体,压力有多大?难度有多大?影响有多大?

我们经常使用两个词来形容:“系统性”和“颠覆性”,“系统性”指的是变革的范围,将覆盖所有人和所有企业,“颠覆性”指的是变革的强度。但不管哪个词,变革已经发生,我们别无选择,我记得一位中国官员讲过下面一段话:

“在应对气候变化过程中,企业是主力军。政府制定了目标、法规、政策、标准,创造了外部环境,真正落实这些目标的主力军在产业界,在企业,在社会。企业家们是行动的主力。”

我们只能接受变革,还要在变革中找到机遇!在这里,我想与朋友们分享一段故事,也许会有启发。

2002年我开始登山,在那次登山之前,我翻阅海明威的一部小说,书中写了赤道附近有一座常年积雪的雪山,就是乞力马扎罗雪山,小说与山同名,叫《乞力马扎罗的雪》,我就是被小说吸引登上山顶,但让我诧异的是,我没有看见雪,只看到冰川,为什么?因为气候变化,乞力马扎罗已经变成了季节性雪山。

我有一些失望,为什么会有这样的改变?回去一查资料吓了一跳,气候变化的重要原因,来自森林的消失,而消耗森林的大户,就是房地产行业,更可怕的是,我当年领导的企业,是中国第一大地产公司,也就是说,海明威的小说,乞力马扎罗的雪,雪的消失,居然跟我和我的公司有关,这还不可怕吗? 但我也看到了希望,如果我做出改变,可能会对气候变化,产生明显的正面作用。

回去之后,我们开始接触气候变化领域的国际组织和国际企业,并决定改变和影响我们的供应链,而且发动行业内企业,采取一致行动,大家一起调整供应链,我们对合作伙伴说:如果没有权威机构的绿色认证,我们将不得不放弃你们的产品。

联合的力量非常强大,到2020年,房地产企业中的绿色供应链总销售额占全国房地产企业民用地产销售额的比例,从0增加到40%,在很多行业,“绿链”行动,正在成为越来越多中国企业的选择。总结下来,企业参与“3060”: 一是有决心,二是有行动,三是加强国际合作,尤其是和国际组织和国际企业间的合作。

寄希望于年轻人

说心里话,我今年70岁了,说到“3060”,按现代医疗条件,2030,我应该能看到,2060就不好说了。为什么这么多年,我们一直参与环保工作?一直坚定支持国家应对气候变化的战略,只要有机会,就发出一点微弱声音,尽一点绵薄力量?为什么?就是想尽我们这代人的责任。

我还想告诉大家,前几年,我就给自己选好了墓地,我希望多年之后,如果有人路过我的墓地,不要对我指指点点,我就很开心了,如果他们勤奋一点,上网查一查,发现我们这代企业家,为子孙后代的生存环境,还是尽了点责任的,那我就瞑目九泉了。

当然,在我进入墓地之前,我要说一点希望,这是中国人经常听到的一句话:希望寄托在年轻人身上。

但这绝不是套话。一个月前,我在上海一所大学和同学交流,有个同学拦住我,跟我说,“王先生,我跟您一样。”我当时一愣,我说怎么一样?他说,您喜欢读书、运动、做公益,我也读书、也运动也投入时间做公益,所以跟您一样啊。

我说,你跟我不一样,我们这代人,都是企业做到一定程度,才去想公益的事,而你这么年轻,就开始公益人生了,这一点,你比我强。 所以,我说希望寄托在年轻人身上,这是一句实话。

谢谢。




Welcome to China Corporate Pavilion! I am Wang Shi.

From Copenhagen to Glasgow, I came to COP every year for the past 10 years. In those 10 years, our planet, our environment has gone through profound changes. COVID even added more uncertainties to our future. But something remains certain – we can always meet old friends in China Corporate Pavilion.

Mr. Xie Zhenhua and Mr. Gore, a sincere welcome to both of you for coming back to the China pavilion again. You brought me good memories from many years back.

In 2009, I attended the COP for the first time in Copenhagen. My biggest impression was the big posters at the train station that carried the portraits of national leaders. They looked older than they actually were. There was also a message on the poster that said:

“I’m sorry. We could have stopped catastrophic climate change…We didn’t...”  The message carried a sense of pessimism.

In Glasgow, I did not see such posters. If there is another poster, I think the message would be: "I am proud of saving the Earth because I made the right decision in Glasgow." Do we have reasons to be optimistic? Yes, particularly here in China Corporate Pavilion.


Changes of the Image of Chinese Entrepreneurs at COP

In 2009, when we attended COP for the first time, China Corporate Pavilion was nothing like it is now.  Outside of government delegation, few members of the Chinese public went abroad to attend the COP.  My memory was that only three people including myself joined the COP, as representative of 100 companies. We were trying to make an announcement at COP but did not know where to meet. So finally, we decorated the hallway with two balloons and stood there. No audience showed up.

But we never gave up and came back every year after that. We were lucky enough to see the changes every year.

In 2013, the COP in Warsaw had China Pavilion and China Corporate Day. Since then, more Chinese companies organized their delegations to COP. Increasing numbers of companies were represented at COP from 100-1000, from 1000-10000 in Paris. And then in 2019, the number rose up to 1 million.

In 2021, despite the lasting impact of COVID, companies that participated on site or online in the China Corporate Pavilion will cover nearly every sector related to carbon reduction. construction, finance, energy, industry, transportation, internet, retail, fashion and carbon management. Soon, CBCA –China Business Climate Action will make a joint announcement on behalf of over 1 million companies.

From100-1000, from 10000 to one million. It is not just numbers. It is changes that take place in China. Changes in people’s mindset.

Chinese entrepreneurs shared the view that this planet will abandon the humanity if no changes happen today. I feel that even Elon Musk can really send some people to the Mars. The vast majority of us can only stay here with no other place to go.

Chinese entrepreneurs have the same awareness on the climate change as the rest of the world.

Corporate Social Responsibility to Implement National Strategy and Strengthen International Collaboration

In these years, the most powerful source of change comes from the national policy. The 3060 strategy of China is our national commitment, and responsibility of the country and people. Responsibility is a simple word. But we can all try to imagine the pressure, challenges and impacts that it means for a 1.4 billion population and fast-growing economy.

We often used two words: systemic and disruptive. Systemic is about the cope of changes. It will include everyone and every company. Disruptive is about the intensity of changes. Regardless, this change is unfolding in front of us. A Chinese official once said:

"Companies are the backbone of the combat against climate change. Government can make as many goals, laws, regulations, standards as it desires. But it is up to the industry, companies and the society to make those real. And entrepreneurs are bearing the heavy weight."

We not only adapt to changes, but also find opportunities in them. Here I would like to share a story with my friends.

I started to climb Kilimanjaro as a snow mountain in 2002. Before that time, I read Hemingway’s novel "Snows of Kilimanjaro", which described a perennial snow mountain near the Equator in Africa. But when I reached the summit, I could not find a single piece of snow. Why? Because the climate change made snow only seasonal.

I was a bit disappointed. What caused this change? But when I did my research at home, it really scared me. One of the causes of the climate change is the loss of forests.And the biggest cause of the logging in the forest is the construction.

The company I led Vanke was the biggest real estate company in China. That also means that Snows of Kilimanjaro disappeared partly because of my company. Was that scary?

But I also saw hope of changes that we can make to get it right.

When I was back, I started to meet with international organizations and companies to learn more from their practices. We decided to influence our supply chain to make changes together. We would buy timber materials that were certified as fair traded.

The collective actions were powerful. In 2020, the total sales of the green supply chain in real estate companies will account for the proportion of the national real estate companies’ civil real estate sales from zero to 40%. In many sectors, the green supply chain campaign became the choice of more and more Chinese companies.

In conclusion, Chinese companies are committed to 3060. They will take actions. They will work closely with international partners.

Hope of the Younger Generation

I am 70 years old. I am expecting to see 2030 if I keep my gym workouts. It is hard to say for 2060. What are we working on environment all these years? Why are we making voice to campaign for the national strategy on climate change? Because we know the responsibility of our generation.

I also want to let you know that I chose my graveyard a few years ago. I hope that many years later, people will pass my grave and remember what we have done for the environment. That will make me very happy!

But I want to say this. The hope comes with the future generation.

And it is not just a cliché. Recently, I made a speech at a university in Shanghai. I came across a young student at the break. He said, Mr. Wang Shi, we are alike. I was a bit surprised and asked him why. He said, you love reading, so do I. You love sports, so do I. You work for social cause, so do I.

I said. When I was young, I only thought about my business. I thought seeking social cause would only be luxury for successful businessmen. But now you and your generation start in university. You are better than me.

So it is true what I said "the hope comes with the future generations."

Thank you.